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When The New York Times's Reporting on DeVos and Detroit Charters Looks Like 'Alternative Facts'


When The New York Times's Reporting on DeVos and Detroit Charters Looks Like 'Alternative Facts'

The 74 January 30, 2017
EducationPre K-12

The campaign against Education Secretary–designate Betsy DeVos has been both predictable and extraordinary. It’s no surprise that the education establishment was perturbed by the selection of a school choice advocate, and opposition from interest groups is to be expected.

But in an era when the president of the United States has declared a “running war” on the media, accusing reporters of distorting facts to attack him, the work of one education journalist unfortunately lends some credence to that argument.

Whatever your take on DeVos or the media, everyone loses when the line between fact and falsehood is blurred beyond distinction.

Some critical coverage has been responsible and fair, but DeVos was sadly not “spinning” when she told the Senate that there’s been a lot of “false news” about her record. The New York Times has been most conspicuous in this regard. The editorial angle of its national education correspondent Kate Zernike was clear from her first piece on the nominee, “Betsy DeVos, Trump’s Education Pick, Has Steered Money From Public Schools.”

Liberal bias at the Times is less than a non-story; if anything, I’d argue a partisan press is healthy in a pluralistic democracy. But when America’s “paper of record” makes verifiably false claims, they must be checked and corrected. Here are two significant ones.

In a front-page June article titled “A Sea of Charter Schools in Detroit Leaves Students Adrift,” the Times education correspondent asserts that “half the charters perform only as well, or worse than, Detroit’s traditional public schools.”

That claim was echoed by a Times editorial and would be big, if true. DeVos was nominated based on her school choice advocacy. If that work helped foster charter schools that are worse than the worst-in-the-nation Detroit Public Schools, that would be profoundly troubling. But if Detroit’s charters are better (even if not as much better as we’d desire), then it’s a different story entirely.

Fortunately, they are better.

There are three key studies that compare Detroit’s charter and district schools: one from Stanford University, one from the center-right Mackinac Center and one from Excellent Schools Detroit (ESD), a local education nonprofit. As Jason Bedrick, a policy analyst at the Cato Institute’s Center for Educational Freedom, and I demonstrated in Education Next, all three show that charters significantly outperform district schools. Perplexed at how the Times reached the opposite conclusion, I reached out to Zernike.

Some critics assumed that Zernike was twisting data from the Stanford study, the presumptive source of district-to-charter comparisons. But Zernike informed me that she chose to use the ESD study after contacting the Stanford study’s author and determining that the data was too outdated for her purposes.

I asked why she chose the ESD data over the Mackinac Center’s. Mackinac grades schools using a complex regression taking into account students’ socioeconomic background. ESD grades on a combination of raw test scores, test-score growth and a school climate survey, but it doesn’t consider socioeconomic status.

She explained that Mackinac is “a partisan group that is pro–school choice and anti-DPS. ESD, despite how GLEP [the DeVos-backed Great Lakes Education Project] will characterize it, supported charters and traditional public schools, and the measures seemed broader.”

When I told her that sounded more like political than methodological reasoning, she countered, “It’s not politics, it’s methodology. I think graduation rate was the only thing Mackinac used to compare,” and added that she thinks the ESD data “do break down for demographics.” Wrong and wrong.

Now, it’s possible that she didn’t simply default to the politically congenial option without further scrutiny. Perhaps she just failed to properly recall the details several months later. Whatever the case, the ESD data also show charters outperforming district schools.

So, how did the Times national education correspondent reach the opposite conclusion?

Tier 1 and 2=excellent to good; Tier 3=average to weak; Tier 4=weak to failing. (Source: Excellent Schools Detroit)

Now, bear with me, here because it’s complicated and it makes no sense.

First she separated out K-8 district schools and high schools, calculating their respective average scores, weighted by student enrollment. She included high-performing selective-admissions district schools and excluded low-performing Detroit public schools that have been taken over by the state. (Neither decision is justifiable in a traditional-to-charter comparison.)

Then she saw that for both K-8 district schools and high schools, the (inflated) weighted average score was higher than the median charter school score, and concluded...

Read the entire piece here at The 74 Million


Max Eden is a senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute.

Photo by Chip Somodevilla / Getty