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Education Working Paper  No. 10
SCDP-06-01
January 2006


An Evaluation of the Effect of D.C.'s Voucher Program on Public School Achievement and Racial Integration After One Year

Endnotes

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2004, Table 165.
  2. National Assessment of Educational Progress, NAEP Data Tool, http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard.
  3. Data compiled from the Build a Table option made available by the National Center for Education Statistics, Core of Common Data.
  4. Title III—DC Choice Incentive Act of 2003, Sec. 302 (6). Text available online at http://www.schoolchoiceinfo.org/data/facts/DC_Choice.pdf.
  5. http://silicon.k12.dc.us/apds/APDSSummaryReports.asp.
  6. National Center for Education Statistics, Core of Common Data. For this study, the authors utilized the Build a Table option of the Core of Common Data (http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/bat).
  7. “School Directory, D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program, 2004–05 School Year,” Washington Scholarship Program, June 2005.
  8. The software used for this study was Street Atlas USA, 2004, from Delorme.
  9. There were a total of 170 public schools in the dataset downloaded from the Core of Common Data, but we only have information on voucher competition for 151 schools. The reason is that 14 were listed as “ungraded,” three schools served only pre-K and kindergarten, and we were unable to match test scores for two of the schools using data from the D.C. Department of Education website.
  10. National Center for Education Statistics, Core of Common Data.
  11. Ibid.
  12. “School Directory, D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program, 2004–05 School Year,” Washington Scholarship Program, June 2005.
  13. For the purposes of this paper, “white” refers to non-Hispanic whites.
  14. United States Census, American Fact Finder.

 


Center for Civic Innovation.

School Choice Demonstration Project.

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SUMMARY:
This study evaluates the initial effect of Washington, D.C.’s Opportunity Scholarship Program (OSP) on the academic performance of public schools and its effects on the opportunities that District students have to attend integrated schools. The OSP is a federally sponsored school voucher program that provides vouchers worth up to $7,500 for an estimated 1,800 to 2,000 students in the District of Columbia. Students can use the scholarships to pay tuition at participating private schools in the District. The pilot program is designed to last for five years.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

ABOUT EDUCATION WORKING PAPERS

Previous Research and Theoretical Expectations on the Effect of Vouchers on Public School Academic Performance

Previous Research and Theory on the Effect of Vouchers on Racial Integration

Evaluating the Effect of Vouchers on D.C. Public Schools After One Year

Results and Discussion of the Effect of Voucher Competition on Public School Academic Performance

Evaluating the Potential Effect of Vouchers on Racial Integration

Results and Discussion of Evaluation of Racial Integration in Public and Voucher Schools

CONCLUSION

ENDNOTES

REFERENCES

APPENDIX:

Table 1: Effect of Voucher Competition on Public School Performance

Table 2: Measures of School Segregation

Figure 1: Percent Minority Enrollment in Deciles

 


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