Education Working Paper
No. 4  January 2004


Sex, Drugs, and Delinquency in Urban and Suburban Public Schools

Table 1
“Have you ever had sexual intercourse? When we say sexual intercourse, we mean when a male inserts his penis into a female’s vagina.”

Have had sexual intercourse:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

49.0%

50.2%

9th grade

31.4%

36.6%

10th grade

45.0%

43.9%

11th grade

55.4%

56.0%

12th grade

66.9%

64.8%

Table 2
“Have you ever touched another person’s genitals, that is, their private parts, or has another person ever touched your genitals in a sexual way?” [students who have had sexual intercourse counted as “yes”]

Have touched another person’s genitals sexually:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

66.6%

70.5%

9th grade

58.6%

58.8%

10th grade

58.1%

69.9%

11th grade

75.3%

75.5%

12th grade

76.9%

80.6%

Table 3
“Not counting the people you have described as romantic relationships, have you ever had a sexual relationship with anyone?”

Have had a non-romantic sexual relationship:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

29.2%

33.3%

9th grade

18.1%

26.4%

10th grade

25.8%

27.9%

11th grade

36.4%

36.6%

12th grade

38.7%

42.7%

Table 4
“Have you ever had anal intercourse? When we say anal intercourse, we mean when a male inserts his penis into another person’s anus.”

Have had anal intercourse: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

7.6%

8.2%

9th grade

7.2%

6.2%

10th grade

4.1%

6.9%

11th grade

9.7%

8.7%

12th grade

10.2%

11.5%

Table 5
“Have you ever been told by a doctor or a nurse that you had chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV or AIDS, genital herpes, genital warts, trichomoniasis, or hepatits B? [if student is female:] “Have you ever been told by a doctor or a nurse that you had bacterial vaginosis or non-gonococcal vaginitis?”

Have been diagnosed with a venereal disease: [of students who have had sexual intercourse]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

9.4%

7.0%

9th grade

2.7%

7.5%

10th grade

7.9%

6.0%

11th grade

8.6%

6.6%

12th grade

14.5%

7.8%

Have been diagnosed with a venereal disease: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

4.6%

3.5%

9th grade

0.8%

2.7%

10th grade

3.6%

2.6%

11th grade

4.8%

3.7%

12th grade

9.7%

5.0%

Table 6
“Have you ever been pregnant? Be sure to include if you are currently pregnant and any past pregnancy that ended in an abortion, stillbirth, miscarriage, or a live birth after which the baby died.”

Have been pregnant: [of female students who have had sexual intercourse]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

23.3%

18.1%

9th grade

16.5%

14.4%

10th grade

17.1%

16.9%

11th grade

23.6%

18.5%

12th grade

29.8%

20.6%

Have been pregnant: [of all female students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

10.5%

9.1%

9th grade

4.2%

5.1%

10th grade

7.1%

7.7%

11th grade

11.8%

10.6%

12th grade

20.2%

13.7%

Table 7
“Please indicate the outcome of this pregnancy.” [asked separately for each reported pregnancy]

Had an abortion when 18 or younger:
[of all female students]

 

Urban

Suburban

 

3.3%

3.5%

Table 8
“Have you ever tried cigarette smoking, even just one or two puffs?”

Have smoked cigarettes:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

52.7%

59.7%

9th grade

49.0%

57.6%

10th grade

53.5%

58.9%

11th grade

54.7%

60.4%

12th grade

54.3%

61.9%

Table 9
“Have you ever smoked regularly, that is, at least one cigarette every day for 30 days?”

Have smoked regularly (once a day for 30 days): [of students who have smoked]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

49.8%

52.9%

9th grade

49.3%

45.0%

10th grade

45.2%

52.4%

11th grade

48.9%

53.6%

12th grade

55.5%

60.5%

Have smoked regularly (once a day for 30 days): [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

26.2%

31.6%

9th grade

24.1%

25.9%

10th grade

24.2%

30.9%

11th grade

26.7%

32.4%

12th grade

30.2%

37.4%

Table 10
“Have you had a drink of beer, wine, or liquor—not just a sip or a taste of someone else’s drink—more than two or three times in your life?”

Have drunk alcohol more than 2-3 times:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

62.7%

66.3%

9th grade

51.9%

58.6%

10th grade

64.1%

63.2%

11th grade

65.5%

69.8%

12th grade

70.9%

73.9%

Table 11
“Do you ever drink beer, wine, or liquor when you are not with your parents or other adults in your family?”

Drink alcohol without adult family members present: [of students who have drunk alcohol]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

73.4%

78.9%

9th grade

64.0%

71.8%

10th grade

75.3%

76.9%

11th grade

73.0%

80.1%

12th grade

79.9%

85.1%

Drink alcohol without adult family members present: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

46.0%

52.3%

9th grade

33.2%

42.1%

10th grade

48.3%

48.6%

11th grade

47.8%

55.9%

12th grade

56.7%

62.9%

Table 12
“Have you ever been drunk at school?”

Have been drunk at school: [of students who have drunk alcohol]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

13.8%

11.9%

9th grade

8.6%

11.1%

10th grade

11.6%

9.0%

11th grade

15.0%

12.5%

12th grade

19.1%

14.4%

Have been drunk at school: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

8.7%

7.9%

9th grade

4.5%

6.5%

10th grade

7.5%

5.7%

11th grade

9.8%

8.7%

12th grade

13.6%

10.6%

Table 13
“Have you ever driven while drunk?”

Have driven while drunk: [of students who have drunk alcohol]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

12.4%

16.9%

9th grade

2.1%

4.3%

10th grade

6.8%

7.9%

11th grade

16.4%

22.5%

12th grade

22.6%

29.6%

Have driven while drunk: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

7.8%

11.2%

9th grade

1.1%

2.5%

10th grade

4.4%

5.0%

11th grade

10.7%

15.7%

12th grade

16.0%

21.9%

Table 14
“How old were you when you tried marijuana for the first time?”
“How old were you when you tried any kind of cocaine—including powder, free base, or crack cocaine—for the first time?”
“How old were you when you tried inhalents, such as glue or solvents, for the first time?”
“How old were you when you first tried any other type of illegal drug, such as LSD, PCP, ecstasy, mushrooms, speed, ice, heroin, or pills, without a doctor’s prescription?”
[students were instructed to enter “0” if they had never tried that drug]

Have tried an illegal drug:

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

35.5%

36.8%

9th grade

29.1%

32.6%

10th grade

34.1%

34.2%

11th grade

35.1%

38.7%

12th grade

44.8%

41.6%

Table 15
“Have you ever been high on drugs at school?”

Have been high on drugs at school: [of students who have used illegal drugs]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

37.8%

38.6%

9th grade

39.5%

33.7%

10th grade

38.2%

37.6%

11th grade

38.0%

38.7%

12th grade

35.9%

43.3%

Have been high on drugs at school: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

13.4%

14.2%

9th grade

11.5%

11.0%

10th grade

13.0%

12.9%

11th grade

13.3%

15.0%

12th grade

16.1%

18.0%

Table 16
“Have you ever driven while high on drugs?”

Have driven while high on drugs: [of students who have used illegal drugs]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

21.7%

28.9%

9th grade

7.3%

11.9%

10th grade

17.0%

19.4%

11th grade

31.5%

32.4%

12th grade

28.4%

47.1%

Have driven while high on drugs: [of all students]

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

7.8%

10.4%

9th grade

2.1%

3.9%

10th grade

5.8%

6.6%

11th grade

11.0%

12.5%

12th grade

12.7%

19.6%

Table 17
“In the past twelve months, how often did you lie to your parents or guardians about where you had been or whom you were with?”

Have lied to parents (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

55.8%

57.3%

9th grade

53.9%

56.7%

10th grade

60.1%

57.9%

11th grade

55.9%

57.9%

12th grade

53.8%

56.6%

Table 18
“During the past twelve months, how often did you get into a physical fight?”

Have been in a fight (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

34.4%

30.7%

9th grade

35.6%

37.1%

10th grade

36.8%

30.5%

11th grade

33.5%

28.4%

12th grade

31.8%

26.6%

Table 19
In the past twelve months, how often did you get into a serious physical fight?”

Have been in a serious fight (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

33.7%

29.8%

9th grade

36.6%

37.3%

10th grade

36.5%

30.0%

11th grade

33.5%

26.2%

12th grade

27.5%

25.2%

Table 20
“In the past twelve months, how often did you take part in a fight where a group of your friends was against another group?”

Have been in a group fight (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

20.6%

19.1%

9th grade

23.3%

24.8%

10th grade

24.0%

18.1%

11th grade

18.4%

17.7%

12th grade

16.3%

15.4%

Table 21
“In the past twelve months, how often did you hurt someone badly enough to need bandages or care from a doctor or nurse?”

Have seriously injured someone (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

20.7%

17.4%

9th grade

23.0%

22.5%

10th grade

21.4%

18.0%

11th grade

18.4%

16.1%

12th grade

19.4%

13.1%

Table 22
“In the past twelve months, how often did you take something from a store without paying for it?”

Have shoplifted (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

25.8%

22.2%

9th grade

27.6%

25.3%

10th grade

27.4%

21.9%

11th grade

25.5%

21.7%

12th grade

22.3%

19.8%

 

 

 

Table 23
“In the past twelve months, how often did you steal something worth less than $50?”

Have stolen something worth less than $50 (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

20.7%

18.7%

9th grade

23.6%

21.0%

10th grade

22.5%

18.1%

11th grade

18.6%

18.1%

12th grade

17.5%

17.5%

Table 24
“In the past twelve months, how often did you deliberately damage property that didn’t belong to you?”

Have deliberately damaged property (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

16.1%

17.9%

9th grade

20.2%

21.6%

10th grade

15.5%

16.7%

11th grade

15.9%

16.1%

12th grade

12.3%

16.9%

Table 25
“In the past twelve months, how often did you drive a car without its owner’s permission?”

Have stolen a car (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

13.2%

11.2%

9th grade

13.2%

13.4%

10th grade

14.0%

12.4%

11th grade

12.9%

9.8%

12th grade

12.5%

9.1%

Table 26
“In the past twelve months, how often did you steal something worth more than $50?”

Have stolen something worth more than $50 (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

6.6%

4.9%

9th grade

7.3%

5.7%

10th grade

7.4%

4.8%

11th grade

6.6%

5.0%

12th grade

5.0%

4.1%

Table 27
“In the past twelve months, how often did you go into a house or building to steal something?”

Have burglarized a building (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

5.1%

4.8%

9th grade

5.9%

5.2%

10th grade

4.7%

4.9%

11th grade

5.4%

3.9%

12th grade

3.9%

5.0%

Table 28
“In the past twelve months, how often did you run away from home?”

Have run away from home (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

10.2%

9.3%

9th grade

8.0%

9.6%

10th grade

12.0%

9.3%

11th grade

9.5%

9.7%

12th grade

11.7%

8.7%

Table 29
“In the past twelve months, how often did you sell marijuana or other drugs?”

Have sold drugs (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

8.3%

9.7%

9th grade

7.4%

8.9%

10th grade

9.8%

8.8%

11th grade

9.1%

10.3%

12th grade

6.9%

10.4%

Table 30
“In the past twelve months, how often did you paint graffiti or signs on someone else’s property or in a public place?”

Have painted graffiti (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

10.2%

8.3%

9th grade

14.5%

10.1%

10th grade

9.8%

7.3%

11th grade

10.3%

7.4%

12th grade

5.8%

8.1%

Table 31
”During the past thirty days, on how many days did you carry a weapon—such as a gun, knife, or club—to school?”

Have carried a weapon to school (last 30 days):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

7.1%

5.8%

9th grade

7.3%

6.3%

10th grade

8.0%

5.4%

11th grade

6.2%

4.8%

12th grade

6.7%

6.5%

Table 32
“During the past twelve months, how often did you pull a knife or a gun on someone?”

Have pulled a knife or gun on someone (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

6.2%

4.5%

9th grade

5.5%

5.3%

10th grade

7.8%

4.4%

11th grade

5.8%

4.3%

12th grade

5.9%

4.0%

Table 33
“In the past twelve months, how often did you use or threaten to use a weapon to get something from someone?”

Have used or threatened to use a weapon (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

4.5%

3.6%

9th grade

5.5%

4.6%

10th grade

4.8%

3.4%

11th grade

3.3%

3.9%

12th grade

4.0%

2.4%

Table 34
“During the past twelve months, how often did you shoot or stab someone?”

Have shot or stabbed someone (last 12 months):

 

Urban

Suburban

Grades 9-12

2.3%

1.6%

9th grade

2.1%

2.4%

10th grade

2.9%

1.6%

11th grade

2.5%

1.0%

12th grade

1.7%

1.6%