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Contact: Clarice Smith, Press Officer
Farther Ahead by Staying Behind:
"The Manhattan Institute's follow-up study by Dr. Jay Greene and Marcus Winters
once again validates the learning gains by retained students when compared to their
socially promoted peers."
New York, NY: On Wednesday, September 13th, Manhattan Institute scholars Jay P. Greene and Marcus A. Winters released a new study, "Getting Farther Ahead by Staying Behind: A Second-Year Evaluation of Florida's Policy to End Social Promotion", expanding on their 2006 study, analyzes the effects of Florida's test-based promotion policy on student achievement two years after initial retention. In Florida, students must pass a standardized reading test in order to be promoted to the fourth-grade. The authors examine whether benefits to students retained under the test-based policy have continued to expand or contract after the second year, and explore whether discrepancies in research findings on test-based promotion policies in Florida and Chicago are caused by differences in research methods, or by differences in the nature of the promotion policies.
Key findings include:
The authors conclude that test-based promotion has demonstrated promise for significantly improving student achievement, but the success of the policy depends upon its implementation.
The study can be accessed online at http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/cr_49.htm If you would like to schedule an interview with one of the authors, please contact Clarice Z. Smith at 646-839-3318 or by email at email@example.com.
Jay P. Greene, Ph.D., is Endowed Chair and Head of the Department of Education Reform at the University of Arkansas and a Senior Fellow at the Manhattan Institute. He is the author of, Education Myths, which received wide acclaim. He also recently published research on graduation rates and special education. His education research has been cited in U.S. Supreme Court opinions and has appeared in scholarly and popular publications. Dr. Greene obtained his doctorate in political science from Harvard University in 1995.
Marcus A. Winters is a Senior Research Associate at the Manhattan
Institute and a Doctoral Academy Fellow at the University of Arkansas.
He has performed several studies on a variety of education policy issues,
including high-stakes testing, charter schools, and the effects of vouchers
on the public school system. He received his B.A. in political science
with departmental honors from Ohio University in 2002 and his M.A. in
economics from the University of Arkansas in 2006.
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is a think tank whose mission is to develop and disseminate new ideas
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