Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Figure 1: 

Table A2. Deriving the Contribution of Different Variables to the Reduction in Poverty from 1995 to 2002: CHILDREN LIVING WITH SINGLE MOTHERS

 

(1) 1995 Coef.

(2) Weighted Mean (1995)

(3) Weighted Mean (2002)

(4) 1995 coef. X change in characteristic mean: (1)x[(3)-(2)]

Contribution to reduction in poverty of the change in variable mean: (4)/(-0.0990)

TOTAL CHANGE IN POVERTY RATE (1995--2002): -0.0990

 

 

 

 

 

Age of parent/caretaker

25–34

-0.0721

0.4028

0.3705

0.0023

-2.35

35–54

-0.1348

 0.4418

0.4900

-0.0065

6.57

55 and over

-0.0837ns

 0.0074

0.0140

-0.0006

0.57

Schooling of parent/caretaker

HS grad./college 1–3

-0.1174

0.6442

0.6717

-0.0032

3.26

College grad. or more

-0.2658

0.0910

0.1168

-0.0069

6.95

Race

Hispanic

0.1484

0.1722

0.1919

 0.0029

-2.96

Black, non-Hispanic

0.1465

0.3444

0.3315

-0.0019

1.91

Other nonwhite

0.1563

 0.0399

0.0295

-0.0016

1.64

Household members

# of children in HH

0.0803

2.4972

2.2946

-0.0163

16.44

# of adults in HH

-0.0824

1.6463

1.6124

 0.0028

-2.83

Single-mother household

Indep. fam. mother work

-0.3754

0.4066

0.4745

-0.0255

25.72

Mother/partner

Mother doesn’t work

-0.3413

0.0254

0.0253

 0.0000

-0.04

Mother works

-0.5091

0.0709

0.0930

-0.0113

11.38

Mother no partner, other adults present

 Mother doesn’t work

-0.2098

0.1077

0.0727

0.0073

-7.40

 Mother works

-0.4618

0.2145

0.2214

-0.0032

3.20

State average

Unemployment rate

 0.0016ns

5.6762

5.8426

 0.0003

-0.26

Hourly wage rate for

HS grad. or less

-0.0351

12.1539

12.9323

-0.0274

27.63

Annual welfare benefit

(100s) for family of 3

-0.0009ns

56.3217

49.2269

 0.0064

 -6.44

 

Note: The 1995 coefficients are derived from a multiple regression in which the dichotomous variable, whether a child is in poverty or not, is regressed on the variables specified. The analysis also includes control variables for region and MSA, which are not shown in the tables. All coefficients are significant above the 95% level except those indicated “ns.”

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]