Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table A1. Deriving the Contribution of Different Variables to the Reduction in Poverty from 1995 to 2002: ALL CHILDREN

 

(1) 1995 Coef.

(2) Weighted Mean (1995)

(3) Weighted Mean (2002)

(4) 1995 coef. X change in characteristic mean: (1)x[(3)-(2)]

Contribution to reduction in poverty of the change in variable mean: (4)/(-0.0471)

TOTAL CHANGE IN POVERTY RATE (1995–2002): -0.0417

  

 

  

 

  

Age of parent/caretaker

25–34

-0.0896

0.3604

0.3267

0.0030

 -7.23

35–54

-0.1288

0.5481

0.5847

-0.0047

11.32

55 and over

-0.1336

0.0221

0.0272

-0.0007

1.62

Schooling of parent/caretaker

HS grad./college 1–3

-0.1654

0.5754

0.5440

 0.0052

-12.44

College grad. or more

-0.2243

0.2806

0.3349

-0.0122

29.21

Race

Hispanic

 0.0995

0.1432

0.1806

 0.0037

-8.93

Black, non-Hispanic

0.0933

0.1555

0.1476

-0.0007

1.77

Other nonwhite

0.0901

0.0512

0.0463

-0.0004

1.05

Household members

# of children in HH

0.0513

2.4311

2.3552

-0.0039

9.34

# of adults in HH

-0.0300

2.0775

2.0849

-0.0002

0.53

Two married parents

No parent works

-0.1442

0.0139

0.0112

 0.0004

-0.95

Father only works

-0.5344

0.1855

0.2010

-0.0083

19.82

Mother only works

-0.4424

0.0169

0.0203

-0.0015

3.63

Both parents work

-0.6350

0.4654

0.4524

 0.0083

-19.86

Single-mother household

Indep. fam. mother works

-0.4011

0.0967

0.1082

-0.0046

11.10

Mother/partner

Mother doesn't work

-0.4312

0.0060

0.0058

 0.0001

-0.28

Mother works

-0.5965

0.0169

0.0212

-0.0026

6.24

Mother no partner, other adults present

Mother doesn't work

-0.2980

0.0256

0.0166

 0.0027

-6.44

Mother works

-0.5634

0.0510

0.0505

0.0003

-0.69

Single-father household

Father doesn't work

-0.1975

0.0037

0.0041

-0.0001

0.18

Father works

-0.5898

0.0352

0.0415

-0.0037

8.82

No parent in household

No working adult

-0.0755ns

0.0075

0.0075

 0.0000

-0.01

1 or more working adults

-0.5615

0.0340

0.0340

0.0000

-0.05

State average

Unemployment rate

 0.0074

5.6440

5.8220

0.0013

-3.15

Hourly wage rate for

HS grad. or less

-0.0259

12.1723

12.9635

-0.0205

49.10

Annual welfare benefit

(100s) for family of 3

0.0000ns

56.8017

50.1446

 0.0002

-0.45

 

Note: The 1995 coefficients are derived from a multiple regression in which the dichotomous variable, whether a child is in poverty or not, is regressed on the variables specified. The analysis also includes control variables for region and MSA, which are not shown in the tables. All coefficients are significant above the 95% level except those indicated “ns.”

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]