Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table 8. Contribution of Key Variables to the Decline in Child Poverty Rates, Various Demographic groups, 1995 to 2002

 

All Households

Single-Mother Families

 

All

BNH

  H

WNH

All

BNH

H

WNH

Percentage-point decline in child

poverty rate: 1995–2002

4.2

9.5

11.7

1.9

9.9

14.1

17.6

4.0

Percent of total decline contributed by:

Education

16.8

15.5

11.7

30.0

10.2

9.9

10.8

11.6

Number of children in HH

9.3

17.2

11.1

3.4

16.4

22.3

7.4

16.2

TPF* work

2.6

12.9

19.4

-5.8

NA

NA

NA

NA

SMF* work

9.9

21.2

5.1

-5.2

32.9

36.2

36.8

20.7

SFF* work

9.0

0.4

7.7

13.8

NA

NA

NA

NA

HS wage

49.1

18.3

22.4

74.8

27.6

17.8

18.6

16.7

All other factors

3.3

14.5

22.6

10.9

12.9

13.8

26.4

34.7

 

* HH: household; TPF: two-parent families; SMF: single-mother families; SFF: single-father families; HS: high school; BNH: black  non-Hispanic; H: Hispanic; WNH: white non-Hispanic.

 

Note: The contributions of parents’ characteristics, changes in the unemployment rate, etc., to the decrease in the percent below poverty among children are estimated based on regression coefficients that measure the effect of each of these factors on the percent below poverty and the changes in the proportion of children exposed to the variables. See text for additional explanation. (Also see Appendix Table A1 & A2.)

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]