Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table 7. Means of Key Variables Affecting the Proportion of Children in Poverty, Children Living with Single Mothers, by Race, 1995 and 2002

 

All

Black, non-Hispanic

Hispanic

White, non-Hispanic

 

1995

2002

1995

2002

1995

2002

1995

2002

Proportion in poverty

0.4342

0.3352

0.5702

0.4357

0.5867

0.4049

0.2617

0.2260

Schooling of parent/caretaker (% dist.)

(HS dropout )*

(26.5)

(21.1)

(29.3)

(20.5)

(53.5)

(41.7)

(13.9)

(12.8)

HS grad./college 1–364.4

 64.4

67.2

65.9

71.2

43.2

53.8

71.9

70.4

College grad. or more

9.1

11.7

4.8

8.3

3.3

4.5

14.2

16.8

# of children in HH

2.5

2.3

2.8

2.5

2.7

2.6

2.1

2.0

# of adults in HH

1.7

1.7

1.7

1.5

1.8

1.9

1.6

1.6

 

Living Arrangement and work interaction: (% dist.)

 Single-mother household

Independent family

(Mother doesn’t work)*

(17.5)

(11.3)

(21.7)

(13.9)

(27.7)

(11.8)

(10.2)

(9.1)

Mother works

40.7

47.5

38.5

51.7

27.5

35.8

48.3

49.9

Mother/partner

Mother doesn’t work

2.5

2.5

1.6

1.3

3.0

4.5

2.9

2.6

Mother works

7.1

9.3

4.7

5.4

5.4

9.8

9.6

12.1

Mother no partner, other adults present

Mother doesn’t work

10.8

7.3

14.2

6.8

15.6

12.5

6.1

4.8

Mother works

21.5

22.1

19.2

20.9

20.8

25.7

22.9

21.4

 

Hourly wage rate for HS grad. or less in state (in 2002 dollars)

12.2

12.9

12.0

12.8

12.4

13.1

12.2

12.9

 

 

Variables in parentheses (in italics) are the reference group for the category. The data are derived from the March Current Population Survey, 1996 and 2003.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]