Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table 6. Means of Key Variables Affecting the Proportion of Children in Poverty, All Children, by Race, 1995 and 2002

 

All

Black, non-Hispanic

Hispanic

White, non-Hispanic

 

1995

2002

1995

2002

1995

2002

1995

2002

Proportion in poverty

0.1915

0.1498

0.3948

0.2997

0.3779

0.2608

0.0991

0.0800

Schooling of parent/caretaker (% dist.)

(HS dropout* )

(14.4)

(12.1)

(22.2)

(14.9)

(43.9)

(36.2)

(5.8)

(4.6)

HS grad./college 1–3

57.5

54.4

64.2

67.1

47.9

51.9

59.2

53.0

College grad. or more

28.1

33.5

13.6

18.1

8.2

12.0

35.0

42.4

# of children in HH

2.4

2.4

2.7

2.5

2.8

2.6

2.3

2.3

# of adults in HH

2.1

2.1

1.9

1.8

2.2

2.3

2.1

2.1

 

Living Arrangement and work interaction: (% dist.)

Two married parents

No parent works

1.4

1.1

0.5

1.0

2.3

1.6

1.0

1.0

Father only works

18.6

20.1

6.5

5.9

27.5

26.2

19.3

21.5

Mother only works

1.7

2.0

2.1

2.2

1.5

2.0

1.6

2.0

Both parents work

46.5

45.2

24.4

26.5

30.9

35.1

55.4

52.9

Single-mother household

Independent family

(Mother doesn’t work) *

(4.2)

(2.6)

(11.4)

(7.1)

(7.9)

(2.9)

(1.6)

(1.4)

Mother works

9.7

10.8

20.3

26.5

7.9

8.7

7.8

7.9

Mother/partner

Mother doesn’t work

0.6

0.6

0.9

0.7

0.9

1.1

0.5

0.4

Mother works

1.7

2.1

2.5

2.8

1.6

2.4

1.6

1.9

Mother no partner, other adults present

Mother doesn’t work

2.6

1.7

7.5

3.5

4.5

3.0

1.0

0.8

Mother works

5.1

5.1

10.1

10.7

6.0

6.2

3.7

3.4

Single-father household

Father doesn’t work

0.4

0.4

0.7

0.7

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.3

Father works

3.5

4.2

3.7

3.8

3.4

5.2

3.5

3.9

No parent in household

No working adult

0.8

0.8

2.9

2.4

0.9

0.8

0.2

0.3

1 or more working adults

3.4

3.4

6.6

6.3

4.6

4.6

2.5

2.3

 

Hourly wage rate for HS grad. or less in state (in 2002 dollars)

12.2

13.0

12.0

12.8

12.3

13.0

12.2

13.0

 

 

* Variables in parentheses (in italics) are the reference group for the category. The data are derived from the March Current Population Survey, 1996 and 2003.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
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table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
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table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]