Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table 4. Changes in Parental Education, 1985-2002

 

1985

1990

1995

2000

2002

All children with a parent present

Percent of mothers:*

Not a HS graduate

21.1

18.2

16.1

14.4

14.2

HS graduate

42.5

39.7

34.3

31.9

30.4

College, 13 years

21.6

24.4

29.6

29.7

29.7

College graduate or more

14.7

17.7

20.0

24.0

25.7

Percent of fathers:*

Not a HS graduate

19.1

16.4

14.4

13.9

13.5

HS graduate

34.8

33.7

31.6

30.3

29.7

College, 13 years

21.5

23.0

26.4

25.7

25.3

College graduate or more

24.6

27.0

27.6

30.1

31.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black, non-Hispanic children with a parent present

Percent of mothers:*

Not a HS graduate

29.6

25.5

20.2

15.8

15.2

HS graduate

42.0

42.3

37.0

38.2

36.8

College, 13 years

20.5

22.8

32.0

33.5

33.1

College graduate or more

7.8

9.4

10.8

12.5

15.0

Percent of fathers: *

Not a HS graduate

27.3

20.7

14.1

12.6

10.4

HS graduate

40.1

41.7

39.2

38.5

37.5

College, 13 years

19.7

23.2

29.9

31.7

32.4

College graduate or more

12.9

14.4

16.9

17.3

19.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic children with a parent present

Percent of mothers:*

Not a HS graduate

59.5

54.3

50.1

45.0

43.0

HS graduate

25.3

28.0

27.8

28.9

30.2

College, 13 years

11.2

13.0

17.3

18.9

18.7

College graduate or more

4.0

4.7

4.8

7.3

8.2

Percent of fathers:*

Not a HS graduate

55.5

52.9

49.6

47.1

45.0

HS graduate

23.9

24.5

26.5

27.6

27.9

College, 13 years

12.9

14.8

16.9

16.1

16.7

College graduate or more

7.7

7.8

7.1

9.2

10.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

White, non-Hispanic children with a parent present

Percent of mothers:*

Not a HS graduate

14.3

10.7

7.8

6.6

6.6

HS graduate

45.3

41.5

35.4

31.5

29.5

College, 13 years

23.4

26.9

31.9

32.2

32.2

College graduate or more

17.0

20.9

24.9

29.8

31.7

Percent of fathers:*

Not a HS graduate

14.2

10.9

8.1

7.2

6.8

HS graduate

35.8

34.6

32.0

30.3

29.6

College, 13 years

22.7

24.2

27.8

27.3

26.7

College graduate or more

27.3

30.2

32.1

35.2

36.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memorandum**

% of ALL children with mother present

95.2

94.1

91.8

91.4

91.5

% of ALL children with father present

77.0

75.1

72.0

73.2

73.2

% of BLACK children with mother present

90.9

89.1

85.6

85.8

86.9

% of BLACK children with father present

43.9

40.5

37.9

41.4

43.2

% of HISPANIC children with mother present

94.8

92.9

91.2

90.1

90.0

% of HISPANIC children with father present

70.5

69.1

66.6

69.2

69.5

% of WHITE children with mother present

96.1

95.4

93.4

93.1

93.0

% of WHITE children with father present

84.4

83.4

81.5

81.6

81.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Restricted to children living with one or both parents

** Refers to percent of all children whether living with or without parents

Source: Annual average of CPS monthly Outgoing Rotation Groups (ORG)

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]