Civic Report No. 44 December 2004


Child Poverty and Welfare Reform: Stay the Course

Table 3. Employment1) Status of Parents/Partners, by Type of Family and by Race

 

1985

1990

1995

2000

2002

Black, non-Hispanic

Two married parents

Father and mother both employed

55.3

58.1

59.7

63.0

60.5

Father employed only

28.3

22.4

20.6

22.1

21.2

Mother employed only

6.4

10.3

10.9

9.4

12.6

Mother and father not employed

10.1

  9.3

8.8

5.6

5.8

Single MOTHER

Mother works

42.8

45.1

50.2

67.3

64.5

Working male partner is present

1.7

  3.8

4.0

5.4

4.6

No working mother or male partner

56.6

53.5

48.4

31.4

34.2

Single FATHER

Father works

75.8

68.4

71.6

79.3

72.6

Working female partner is present

13.5

20.3

26.4

29.5

25.7

No working father or female partner

22.7

29.0

24.2

16.0

22.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hispanic

Two married parents

Father and mother both employed

37.1

42.0

39.9

46.8

45.8

Father employed only

47.4

44.2

45.8

43.6

41.8

Mother employed only

4.7

  5.9

5.7

4.8

5.8

Mother and father not employed

10.8

  7.9

8.7

4.7

6.7

Single MOTHER

Mother works

36.7

42.2

41.5

61.5

65.5

Working male partner is present

3.2

  5.7

4.0

9.0

10.0

Mother/Male partner not employer

62.0

55.4

56.5

35.0

31.4

Single FATHER

Father works

81.6

79.6

75.8

85.6

84.9

Working female partner is present

11.9

20.9

20.3

21.4

21.1

Father/Female partner not employed

17.8

17.2

21.8

12.2

12.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

White, non-Hispanic

Two married parents

Father and mother both employed

52.1

57.7

62.2

62.4

60.1

Father employed only

39.8

34.1

29.1

30.9

31.5

Mother employed only

3.2

4.3

4.5

4.0

4.9

Mother and father not employed

4.9

3.9

4.2

2.8

3.6

Single MOTHER

Mother works

63.3

66.3

67.7

76.8

75.1

Working male partner is present

4.6

6.5

8.6

12.3

11.2

Mother/Male partner not employed

35.3

31.7

29.6

19.8

21.9

Single FATHER

Father works

83.4

86.0

82.9

86.4

83.5

Working female partner is present

8.7

15.6

16.7

22.2

20.3

Father/Female partner not employed

15.9

12.8

15.2

10.7

13.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1) Refers to persons employed last week. Data presented are annual averages of monthly reports on employment status.

Source: Annual average of CPS monthly Outgoing Rotation Groups (ORG)

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4]
[
table 5] [table 6] [table 7] [table 8] [table A1]
[
table A2] [figure A1] [figure A2] [figure A3]