Note: Population restricted to women ages 2055 (last panel interview) with children under age 18 (in 6-month period before exit) and who did not attrite from the sample in any of the 12 waves. Welfare leavers are those who are observed to be on welfare for at least 4 months out of a 6-month period (the 6-month period on welfare before exit) followed by an 8-month period with at least 4 months off welfare. Some leavers return to welfare in later periods and they are included in the post-exit months. Similarly, the poverty statistics for the 642 months prior to exit include all of those in the cohort in that earlier period, whether or not they were on welfare in a particular 6-month period.
1) Includes estimated EITC, excludes all non-cash benefits.
2) Total household cash income plus the value of non-cash benefits and including our estimate of the EITC. Non-cash income aggregates dollar values for food stamps, WIC, and energy assistance. The income of a male partner, if present, is included in households income. Information was not available on taxes paid and is excluded.