Civic Report
No. 32 December 2002


Effects of Funding Incentives on Special Education Enrollment

Table 1: State Special Education Funding Systems High-Stakes
 

State

System

Year of Change

Testing

Alabama

Lump-sum

1995

Yes

Alaska

Lump-sum

1998

Yes

Arizona

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Arkansas

Lump-sum

1996

No

California

Lump-sum

1998

Yes

Colorado

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Connecticut

Lump-sum

1995

No

Delaware

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

District of Columbia

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Florida

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Georgia

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Hawaii

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Idaho

Lump-sum

None since 1991

No

Illinois

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Indiana

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Iowa

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Kansas

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Kentucky

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Louisiana

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Maine

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Maryland

Lump-sum

None since 1991

Yes

Massachusetts

Lump-sum

1993

Yes

Michigan

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Minnesota

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Mississippi

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Missouri

Lump-sum

1998

Yes

Montana

Lump-sum

1994

No

Nebraska

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Nevada

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

New Hampshire

Bounty

1999*

No

New Jersey

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

New Mexico

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

New York

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

North Carolina

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

North Dakota

Lump-sum

1995

No

Ohio

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Oklahoma

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Oregon

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Pennsylvania

Lump-sum

1992

No

Rhode Island

Lump-sum

1995

No

South Carolina

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

South Dakota

Lump-sum

1998

No

Tennessee

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Texas

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Utah

Lump-sum

None since 1991

No

Vermont

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Virginia

Lump-sum

None since 1991

Yes

Washington

Bounty

None since 1991

No

West Virginia

Bounty

None since 1991

Yes

Wisconsin

Bounty

None since 1991

No

Wyoming

Bounty

None since 1991

No

*Change from no state funding to bounty system

[table 1] [figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4]