No. 17 July 2001
Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
June O’Neill is Wollman Professor of Economics at the Zicklin School of Business and Director of the Center for the Study of Business and Government, School of Public Affairs, at Baruch College, CUNY. She is also an Adjunct Scholar of the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C. Between 1995 and 1999, Dr. O’Neill was on leave from Baruch College serving as Director of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in Washington. Earlier she held positions as Director of Policy and Research at the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, senior economist on the President’s Council of Economic Advisors, senior research associate at the Urban Institute, and research associate at the Brookings Institution.
Dr. O’Neill received a Ph.D. in economics from Columbia University. She was elected Vice President of the American Economics Association in 1998. Her published research covers several areas including wage differentials by race and gender, health insurance, tax and budget policy, and social security. Her prior publications on welfare issues include Work and Welfare in Massachusetts: An Evaluation of the ET Program; Lessons for Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the AFDC Caseload and Past Welfare-to-Work Programs (with Dave M. O’Neill); and The Duration of Welfare Spells (with Laurie Bassi and Douglas Wolf).
M. Anne Hill is Professor of Economics and Chair of the Economics Department at Queens College, CUNY. She received her Ph.D. in economics from Duke University and has written on determinants of underclass behavior, social welfare policy, the education of girls and women in the developing world, the economics of disability and the Japanese labor market. With Thomas J. Main, she wrote Is Welfare Working? The Massachusetts Reforms Three Years Later (The Pioneer Institute, 1998). Her work has been published in the American Economic Review, The Review of Economics and Statistics, and the Journal of Human Resources (among other journals). Professor Hill is a Senior Research Associate at the Center for the Study of Business and Government of Baruch College, CUNY.
The authors would like to thank faculty from Baruch College who provided helpful comments at the college’s School of Public Affairs seminar where we presented our research. We also thank Robert Michael, the dicussant of a paper by June O’Neill and Theresa Devine that was a precursor to this research, presented at the 1999 meetings of the American Economic Association, and participants who commented at a seminar at the Hoover Institution where early results were also discussed. We are grateful to Mei Liao and Wenhui Li for expert assistance with the extensive data analysis and other aspects of the research.