Civic Report No. 17 July 2001


Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work

Table C-2: Characteristics of Single Mothers, Ages 1844, by Their Welfare Status, Before and After Welfare Policy Changes

 

Single mothers who were welfare recipients

Single mothers who were not welfare recipients

1988

1994

1997

2000

1988

1994

1997

2000

Age (percentage)

 

 

18-29

54.3

52.9

49.6

55.7

34.7

31.2

32.7

35.7

30-44

45.7

47.1

50.4

44.3

65.3

68.8

67.3

64.3

Schooling (percentage)

 

 

<High School

46.0

38.3

37.9

41.6

17.7

16.1

15.4

16.0

High School

39.5

37.6

36.0

36.2

44.2

38.8

39.9

39.8

Some College

13.4

22.3

24.0

20.2

26.4

34.3

34.3

33.3

College Graduates

  1.1

  1.8

  2.1

  2.0

11.7

10.8

10.3

10.9

Race (percentage)

 

 

Black, Non-Hispanic

44.7

42.9

39.8

40.9

28.9

29.1

30.1

30.3

White, Non-Hispanic

36.4

37.8

38.6

33.6

59.1

56.1

54.0

51.9

Hispanic

16.6

16.5

18.9

21.7

  9.7

12.2

13.0

14.5

Other

  2.2

  2.8

  2.7

  3.9

  2.3

  2.6

  2.9

  3.3

Age of Youngest Child *
(percentage)

 

 

< 6

71.5

72.2

70.3

69.9

46.9

48.1

51.8

44.2

7-12

20.8

21.7

21.5

21.6

31.6

32.7

31.4

35.9

>13

  7.8

  6.1

  8.2

  8.5

21.5

19.3

16.8

19.9

Number of Children

  2.2

  2.1

  2.1

  2.1

  1.6

  1.6

  1.6

  1.7

Percent employed last year

34.3

37.0

45.9

60.0

84.6

85.9

86.7

87.2

Percent employed in
March survey week

19.1

22.7

34.9

43.3

76.5

77.3

77.0

78.9

Total Number
(weighted in Thousands)

2,380

3,078

2,341

1,280

4,848

5,684

6,413

7,024

Sample Size

1,498

1,732

1,154

   622

3,099

3,169

3,089

3,349


* For families with at least one child.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [figure 9] [figure 10] [figure 11] [figure 12]
[
table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4] [table 5] [table 6]
[
table A-1] [table A-2] [appendix B] [figure B-1]
[
appendix C] [table C-1] [table C-2]