Civic Report No. 17 July 2001


Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work

Table C-1: Characteristics of All Women and Women with Children Under 18, Ages 1844,
by Marital Status, Before and After Welfare Policy Changes

All Women

All Single Mothers

Married Mothers

1988

1994

1997

2000

1988

1994

1997

2000

1988

1994

1997

2000

Age (percentage)

18-29

45.9

41.3

40.3

40.9

41.2

38.8

37.3

38.8

28.8

24.0

21.2

20.9

30-34

54.2

58.7

59.7

59.1

58.8

61.2

62.8

61.2

71.3

76.0

78.8

79.1

Schooling (percentage)

<High School

14.8

13.7

13.2

13.3

27.0

23.9

21.4

19.9

13.5

11.9

11.6

11.1

High School

37.8

32.9

32.2

30.7

42.7

38.4

38.9

39.3

43.5

35.5

34.5

32.5

Some College

28.6

32.9

32.2

32.4

22.1

30.1

31.6

31.3

24.3

30.3

29.4

30.0

College Graduates

18.9

20.6

22.4

23.6

  8.2

  7.6

  8.1

  9.6

18.7

22.2

24.5

26.4

Race (percentage)

Black, Non-Hispanic

12.8

13.7

13.9

14.2

34.1

34.0

32.7

31.9

  7.7

  7.1

  7.5

  7.8

White, Non-Hispanic

75.4

71.5

69.5

67.4

51.7

49.7

49.9

49.1

79.6

77.1

74.8

71.9

Hispanic

  8.4

10.7

11.6

13.0

12.0

13.7

14.6

15.6

  8.9

11.3

12.7

14.9

Other

   3.4

  4.2

  5.1

  5.4

  2.3

  2.7

  2.9

  3.4

  3.9

  4.5

  5.1

  5.4

Age of Youngest Child * (percentage)

< 6

42.4

44.6

44.8

43.7

55.0

56.5

56.7

48.3

43.1

44.2

44.8

46.1

7-12

29.7

30.7

30.4

31.9

28.1

28.8

28.7

33.6

31.6

32.7

32.6

33.1

>13

28.0

24.8

24.8

24.4

17.0

14.6

14.5

18.1

25.3

23.1

22.6

20.9

Number of Children

  1.2

  1.2

  1.2

  1.1

  1.8

  1.8

  1.8

  1.7

  2.0

  2.0

  2.0

  2.0

Percent employed last year

78.2

77.5

78.6

79.9

68.0

68.7

75.7

83.0

72.1

73.8

74.4

74.6

Percent employed in
March survey week

67.8

68.1

70.7

71.5

57.6

58.1

65.7

73.4

62.0

65.4

68.1

67.5

% on Welfare Last Year

  5.8

  7.8

  5.9

  3.2

32.9

35.1

26.7

15.4

  1.9

  2.9

  2.2

  1.3

Total Number
(weighted in Thousands)

52,532

54,849

54,836

55,134

7,228

8,762

8,753

8,304

22,127

22,375

21,963

21,188

Sample Size

33,769

31,514

27,043

26,510

4,597

4,901

4,243

3,971

14,578

13,347

11,142

10,634


* For families with at least one child.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [figure 9] [figure 10] [figure 11] [figure 12]
[
table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4] [table 5] [table 6]
[
table A-1] [table A-2] [appendix B] [figure B-1]
[
appendix C] [table C-1] [table C-2]