Civic Report No. 17 July 2001


Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work

Appendix A:
Table A-2: TANF Policies Implemented Between 1996 and 1998 by State

% Decline in Caseload 19961998

Date TANF Implemented

Whether State implemented a particular policy:

Tough Time Limit 1)

Medium or High Sanction

Tough Family Cap 2)

Strict Work  Exemption 3)

State

 

 

Alabama

-43.9

11/96

 

x

Alaska

-17.1

7/97

 

Arizona

-36.6

10/96

 

x

x

Arkansas

-39.2

7/97

x

x

x

x

California

-21.1

1/98

 

x

x

Colorado

-40.1

7/97

 

x

Connecticut

-18.8

10/96

x

x

Delaware

-26.9

3/97

x

x

x

x

DC

-17.1

3/97

Florida

-47.6

10/96

x

x

x

Georgia

-40.0

1/97

x

x

x

x

Hawaii

-22.7

7/97

x

Idaho

-78.9

7/97

x

x

x

x

Illinois

-23.7

7/97

x

x

x

Indiana

-25.0

10/96

x

x

Iowa

-23.2

1/97

x

x

Kansas

-44.6

10/96

x

Kentucky

-26.7

10/96

x

Louisiana

-32.2

1/97

x

x

Maine

-25.4

11/96

Maryland

-35.8

12/96

x

Massachusetts

-24.9

9/96

x

x

x

x

Michigan

-30.5

9/96

x

x

Minnesota

-16.8

7/97

Mississippi

-50.8

7/97

x

x

Missouri

-27.3

12/96

Montana

-32.4

2/97

x

Nebraska

 -5.6

12/96

x

x

x

x

Nevada

-29.7

12/96

x

x

New Hampshire

-33.7

10/96

New Jersey

-30.3

7/97

x

x

x

New Mexico

-36.9

7/97

x

New York

-22.0

11/97

North Carolina

-32.5

1/97

x

x

North Dakota

-32.7

7/97

x

x

x

Ohio

-32.1

10/96

x

x

Oklahoma

-37.9

10/96

x

Oregon

-43.4

10/96

x

x

x

Pennsylvania

-29.1

3/97

x

Rhode Island

 -9.4

5/97

South Carolina

-44.8

10/96

x

x

South Dakota

-35.0

12/96

x

x

Tennessee

-42.3

10/96

x

x

x

x

Texas

-43.1

11/96

x

Utah

-27.0

10/96

x

x

x

Vermont 

-18.7

9/96

x

Virginia

-34.2

2/97

x

x

x

Washington

-21.3

1/97

West Virginia

-52.5

1/97

x

Wisconsin

-75.7

9/97

x

x

x

Wyoming

-74.5

1/97

x

x

1) A tough time limit is shorter than 60 months in total or shorter within a fixed interval.
2) A tough family cap eliminates all benefits to additional children conceived while on welfare. Some states adopted a milder cap that reduces but does not eliminate benefits to additional children.
3) A strict work exemption exempts only those with a child 6 months of age or under.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [figure 9] [figure 10] [figure 11] [figure 12]
[
table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4] [table 5] [table 6]
[
table A-1] [table A-2] [appendix B] [figure B-1]
[
appendix C] [table C-1] [table C-2]