Civic Report No. 17 July 2001


Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work

Appendix A:
Table A-1: AFDC/Waiver Policies Implemented in States

% Decline in Caseload 19931996

Any Major Waiver
(Date Implemented )

Whether State implemented a particular waiver:

Any Time Limit

Medium or High Sanction

Tough Family Cap  1)

Strict Work Exemption  2)

State

Alabama

-17.8

 

  

 

 

 

Alaska

   1.7

  

 

 

 

 

Arizona

 -9.4

11/95

x

  

x

 

Arkansas

-14.7

7/94

 

 

x

 

California

   4.3

12/92

  

 

x

 

Colorado

-16.7

 

  

  

 

 

Connecticut

   1.4

1/96

x

x

 

 

DC

   3.6

 

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 -8.8

10/95

x

 

 

 

Florida

-16.5

  

  

  

 

 

Georgia

 -7.7

1/94

 

 

x

 

Hawaii

20.2

2/97

x

 

 

x

Idaho

13.9

 

 

 

 

 

Illinois

 -3.1

11/93

x

x

x

 

Indiana

-27.5

5/95

x

  

x

 

Iowa

-10.6

10/93

x

x

x

Kansas

-16.9

  

 

  

 

 

Kentucky

-13.3

  

 

  

 

 

Louisiana

-21.6

 

 

  

 

 

Maine

-14.2

 

 

 

 

 

Maryland

 -7.6

3/96

 

x

 

 

Massachusetts

-22.7

11/95

 

x

x

 

Michigan

-22.5

10/92

 

x

 

x

Minnesota

 -9.0

 

 

 

 

 

Mississippi

-20.1

10/95

 

  

x

 

Missouri

 -8.0

6/95

 

  

 

 

Montana

 -7.7

2/96

 

 

Nebraska

-15.0

10/95

x

 

x

 

Nevada

 13.8

 

 

 

New Hampshire

-13.6

 

New Jersey

-11.0

10/92

 

x

 

New Mexico

   8.3

 

 

New York

 -0.3

 

North Carolina

-13.5

7/96

x

x

North Dakota

-24.6

 

 

 

 

Ohio

-19.9

7/96

 

x

Oklahoma

-20.0

 

 

Oregon

-21.6

2/93

x

x

x

Pennsylvania

 -7.4

 

 

Rhode Island

 -4.5

 

South Carolina

-14.1

 

 

 

South Dakota

-16.7

6/94

 

 

Tennessee

 -8.2

9/96

x

x

 

x

Texas

 -8.5

6/96

x

Utah

-19.6

1/93

 

x

x

Vermont 

 -9.0

7/94

 

x

Virginia

-11.9

7/95

x

 

x

Washington

 -2.4

1/96

x

West Virginia

-11.6

2/96

x

Wisconsin

-24.9

1/96

 

x

 

Wyoming

-27.7

 

 

 

1) A tough family cap eliminates all benefits to additional children conceived while on welfare. Some states adopted a milder cap that reduces but does not eliminate benefits to additional children.
2) A strict work exemption exempts only those with a child 6 months of age or under.

[figure 1] [figure 2] [figure 3] [figure 4] [figure 5] [figure 6]
[
figure 7] [figure 8] [figure 9] [figure 10] [figure 11] [figure 12]
[
table 1] [table 2] [table 3] [table 4] [table 5] [table 6]
[
table A-1] [table A-2] [appendix B] [figure B-1]
[
appendix C] [table C-1] [table C-2]