1. In a 2002 interview, Campbell said that “war, starvation, economic recession, [and] possibly even the extinction of homo sapiens” were the likely effects of hitting the down slope in world oil production.
  2. Peter W. Huber and Mark P. Mills, The Bottomless Well (New York: Basic Books, 2005), p. 18.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Figures from U.S. Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Annual 2005.
  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2005, diagram 1, “Energy Flow,” p. 3.
  6. Huber and Mills, The Bottomless Well, p. 23.
  7. Ronald Bailey, “Peak Oil Panic: Is the Planet Running Out of Gas? If It Is, What Should the Bush Administration Do
    about It?,” Reason, May 2006.
  8. U.S. Energy Information Administration, California Crude Oil Production, at
  9. Speech to the sixteenth Annual Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C.
  10. “Chernobyl’s Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts and Recommendations to the Governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine,” International Atomic Energy Agency, April 2006. The report was compiled by the Chernobyl Forum, a grouping of various UN agencies, other international organizations, and foreign governments
  11. looking into aspects of Chernobyl, at
  12. Gregg Easterbrook, The Progress Paradox: How Life Gets Better While People Feel Worse (New York: Random House, 2004), p. 42.
  13. Jesse H. Ausubel, “On Sparing Farmland and Spreading Forest,” address prepared for September 2001 Denver convention of the Society of American Foresters (not delivered because of 9/11 but subsequently published).
  14. Ibid.
  15. W. Brad Smith et al., Forest Resources of the United States, 2002, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, p. 1.
  16. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; Forest Inventory and Analysis, “Trend Data,” at
  17. Peter Huber, Hard Green: Saving the Environment from the Environmentalists (New York: Basic Books, 1999), p. 101.
  18. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005, p. 21.
  19. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Recent Climate Change,” at
  20. United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis,” p. 101.
  21. George C. Marshall Institute, “A Guide to Global Warming: Questions and Answers on Climate Change,” January 15,
  22. Robert L. Bradley, Jr. and Richard W. Fulmer, Energy: The Master Resource (Dubuque, Ia.: Kendall/Hunt, 2004), p. 142.
  23. Richard Gray, “UN Downgrades Man’s Impact on the Climate,” Sunday Telegraph (U.K.), December 13, 2006.
  24. The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  25. Keith Bradsher, “China to Pass U.S. in 2009 in Emissions,” New York Times, November 7, 2006, at 4GJ17MNFqKZS1CLUZb28tg.
  26. Ibid.
  27. The U.S. economy uses about 7 billion barrels of oil each year and the equivalent of 11 billion barrels in the form of
    other sources.
  28. U.S. Department of Energy, “Clean Coal Technology & the President’s Clean Coal Power Initiative,” at
  29. Clean and Safe Energy Coalition, at
  30. U.S. House Committee on Resources, “Top Ten Facts and Figures about ANWR.”
  31. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham, remarks to the 50 Club of Cleveland, May 5, 2003.
  32. Consumer Reports, October 2006, at
  33. U.S. Energy Information Administration, “Potential Supply Impacts of Removal of 1-Pound RVP Waiver,” September 2002, at
  34. Robert L. Bradley, Jr., “Renewable Energy: Not Cheap, Not ‘Green,’ ” Cato Institute, August 27, 1997.
  35. Although it should be noted that much of the land could be used for other uses simultaneously.
  36. American Wind Energy Association, “Wind Web Tutorial,” at
  37. U.S. Department of Energy’s Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations, 1997.
  38. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2006.
  39. UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report,” p. 5, at
  40. Union of Concerned Scientists, “Global Warming 101: Human Fingerprints,” at
  41. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Climate Change: Science,” at
  42. Huber, Hard Green, p. xviii.



Download PDF (3MB)
Or request a hardcopy

Press Release


Clarice Smith
Deputy Director,
Manhattan Institute
(212) 599-7000



Copyright The Manhattan Institute 2007